Iwo Jima was the site of the famous flag-raising on Mt. Suribachi, and also the place where John Basilone was Killed in Action.
The island was a eight square mile volcanic island off the coast of Japan which was famous for its sulfur content (Iwo Jima literally means "sulfur island"). Its most famous landmark is the aformentioned Mt. Surbachi, and the island also boasts several airfields and elaborate tunnels dug by the Japanese. Its plant life was virtually extinct during the battle, but afterwards, effort was made by both the US and Japan to restore vegetation to Iwo Jima.
The Battle was fought by the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marines consisting of 20,000 American soldiers, including Pfc Charles Tatum, Pfc. Steve Evanson, and GySgt. John Basilone who unfortunately gets Killed in Action on the first day. Its the first time since the beginning of the Pacific campaign that American casualties are higher than the Japanese.
- Films, such as Clint Eastwood's Flags of our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima were also based on the battle, but they were from totally different perspectives than the series in that they were not based around John Basilone.
- The battle for Iwo Jima is one of the most famous and well know battles in the PTO
Iwo Jima (episode)